PART II

PLAN ELEMENTS

 

Note

Unless otherwise noted, data source is the 2000 US Census.

 

ISSUES AND OPPORTUNITIES

 

Introduction

The purpose of this section is to present the existing population, housing, agricultural, and economic conditions that help define the Town of Spring Brook. In addition, projections of future population and housing demands have been created. General trends in the agricultural community are also discussed. Understanding these factors is the first step in developing the land use plan for the Town of Spring Brook.

 

Brief history of current land use planning endeavors

The Town of Spring Brook approved its comprehensive land use planning initiative at the Dec. 9, 2002 board meeting.  This action was undertaken in response to the passage of the Comprehensive Planning Law, 66.1001, by the Wisconsin legislature and the availability of cost sharing funds to support the planning efforts prescribed by that legislation.  After several public meetings, the Town Board chairman selected a plan commission and that commission was sworn in and had its first meeting on Dec. 16, 2002.  Since that time, the Spring Brook Plan Commission has had an open monthly meeting on the 4th Tuesday of the month at 7:30 PM at the Town Hall in Spring Brook.   The plan commission meetings are posted in several locations (e.g. at the town hall) and in the Dunn County Reminder and Dunn County News newspapers.   The plan commission has sought community input through several other forums including visioning sessions on March 22 and April 12, 2003, an open house on Sept. 11, 2003 and a Citizens opinion survey sent out in the spring of 2003.  Response on the survey was particularly good with 419 surveys returned.

 

Basic Objectives

  • Document public participation
  • Identify key issues and opportunities that the plan revolves around
  • Research selected trends in the local economy and demographics
  • Generate population projections

 

Key survey results

The citizen opinion survey and the entire survey analysis are in Appendix B.

 

Key issues and opportunities, including possible conflicts

Population growth and conversion of farmland to residential or other commercial use appears to be the most significant source of conflict identified in the survey by this commission.  Balancing the rights of current owners to use commercially, or profit from the sale of their property while not adversely affecting remaining residents and owners with the subsequent development is the conflict the commission will need to focus its recommendations on. 


 

EMPLOYMENT CHARACTERISTICS

 

Township Employment Characteristics and Projections

See Economic development / Local Employers

                       

EDUCATION CHARACTERISTICS

 

School Enrollment                                                

 

Town of Spring brook

Dunn County

Subject

Number

Percent

Number

Percent

Population 3 years & Over in school

388

100.0

14,115

100.0

Nursery school, preschool

22

5.7

543

3.8

Kindergarten

18

4.6

496

3.5

Elementary (grades 1-8)

183

47.2

4,261

30.2

High school (9-12)

109

28.1

2,358

16.7

College or graduate school

56

14.4

6,457

45.7

 

Educational Attainment                                                   

 

Town of Spring Brook

Dunn County

Subject

Number

Percent

Number

Percent

Population 25 years & over

835

100.0

22,644

100.0

Less than 9th grade

18

2.2

1,161

5.1

9-12, no diploma

58

6.9

1,862

8.2

High school graduate (includes equivalency)

339

40.6

8,353

36.9

Some college, no degree

191

22.9

4,621

20.4

Associate degree

86

10.3

1,875

8.3

Bachelor’s degree

94

11.3

3,120

13.8

Graduate or professional degree

49

5.9

1,652

7.3

High school graduate or higher

 

90.9

 

86.6

Bachelor’s degree or higher

 

17.1

 

21.1

 

POPULATION CHARACTERISTICS

Population change is the primary component in tracking a community’s growth and in predicting future trends and needs. Change in population affects all aspects of a community:  recreation, transportation, agriculture, housing needs, and all community services.  In 2000 the Town of Spring Brook had 223 single, 687 married, 75 divorced, and 28 widowed people.


 

Population profiles

Gender and Age                                                    

           

Town of Spring Brook 1990

Town of Spring Brook 2000

Dunn County

2000

Total Population

1,297

1,320

39,858

Subject

 

 

Number

Percent

Number

Percent

Male

671

51.7

692

52.4

20,094

50.4

Female

626

48.3

628

47.6

19,764

49.6

Under age 5

113

8.7

76

5.8

2,285

5.7

5-9 years

116

8.9

90

6.8

2,415

6.1

10-14 years

100

7.7

124

9.4

2,844

7.1

15-19 years

69

5.3

120

9.1

4,175

10.5

20-24 years

96

7.4

55

4.2

5,496

13.8

25-34 years

216

16.7

168

12.7

4,817

12.1

35-44 years

189

14.6

227

17.2

5,444

13.7

45-54 years

129

9.9

226

17.1

4,988

12.5

55-59 years

48

3.7

60

4.1

1,689

4.2

60-64 years

45

3.5

44

3.3

1,230

3.1

65-74 years

89

6.9

87

6.6

2,231

5.6

75-84 years

68

5.2

38

2.9

1,569

3.9

85 years & older

19

1.5

5

0.4

675

1.7

Median age

36.2

30.6

There were 1,320 residents in the town of Spring Brook with the distribution listed in Gender and Age. The township population has slightly more men than women, while the county is more evenly split. By age, the township and county seem to be distributed the same.

 

 

Age (2000 Census)

The Town of Spring Brook had a median age of 36.2 years in 2000.  The Dunn County median age was 30.6 years in 2000.  Dunn county’s population distribution is partly influenced by the presence of the University of Wisconsin-Stout, which introduces a significant number of people ages 18 to 25 to the distribution.  Similarly, the loss of college-aged persons is evident in Spring Brook’s population distribution.

In 2000 Spring Brook had 234  people 55 or older (17.7%).  Dunn County, as a whole, had 7394 persons aged 55 and older (18.6%).  The ages of the population may have an impact on the services provided by the Township. 

 

Minority Population in Dunn County

 

1980

1990

2000

Black

175

175

135

American Indian

190

195

107

Asian

125

640

849

Hispanic

175

105

335

Other

110

180

148

Two or More Races

 

 

320

 

Minorities (U.S. Census, 2000)

The town of Spring Brook has a very small minority population (1.1%) that has grown more slowly than the minority populations of Menomonie City or of Dunn County.  Over the past ten years the minority population in Dunn County has increased from three to four per cent. The state has a minority population of 11%, and the nation has a minority population of 24.9%.  The largest segment of the Dunn County minority population is the Asian community, while Spring Brook’s small minority population is primarily Hispanic.

 

 Historical Population Counts

1950

1960

1970

1980

1990

2000

1,174

1,169

1,168

1,293

1,293

1,320

Source: West central regional Planning

 

Population Changes                                                                                                                    

 

1990

2000

Total

Numeric

Change

Total

Percent

Change

Town of Spring Brook

1,293

1,320

27

1.02

Dunn County

35,909

39,858

3,949

11.10

Menomonie

13,547

14,937

1,390

11.03

Wisconsin

4,89I, 769

5,363,675

471,906

10.96

                                                                                               

                                                                                               

                                                           

 

Population density

Selected  Townships

2000  Population

Density/square mile

Town of Menomonie

3174

76

Tainter

2116

64

Red Cedar

1492

41

Dunn  

1367

24

Rock Creek

793

26

Elk Mound

1121

33

Sherman

748

21

Spring Brook

1320

22

Tiffany

633

21

Colfax

909

27

Weston          

630

15

Grant  

426

12

Peru

247

13

Otter Creek

474

13

Dunn County

39858

46.8

 

Dunn County Population Density Graphic

 

Population Trends            

The town of Spring Brook is the 6th most populous political entity in Dunn County, representing 3.3% of the county’s population.  According to the 2000 Census, there are 1320 people living in the town of Spring Brook.  Since 1970, the population in our town has grown more slowly than the population of Dunn County (13% increase in 30 years, vs 37.5% for the county as a whole).  Dunn county growth characteristics are dominated by the largest population center--the city of Menomonie--and population upturns of Menomonie’s nearest lying neighbors.  In the year 2000 the population forecast for 2015 for Spring Brook was 1492, an increase of 13%--though the forecast misses the actual population for 2000 by 61 (1320 actual, 1381 predicted).  Based on trends in townships between Spring Brook and the city of Menomonie, Spring Brook could be challenged by a wave of development and corresponding population growth originating in the city of Menomonie.  This development has resulted in population growth discontinuities in Dunn Township and Red Cedar Township between 1999 and 2000.  The Town of Spring Brook has a population density of 21.7 people per square mile, compared with an average for Dunn County of  46.8 people per square mile.

 

 

 

Population Projections

2000

2010

2020

1,396

1,514

1,643

Source: West Central regional Planning

 

2000

2005

2010

2015

1,381

1,427

1,458

1,492

Source: State of Wisconsin

     

Population projections from both, West Regional Planning and the State of Wisconsin, were made back in 1990. Comparing those projections to actual 2000 data indicates that the population is increasing but, at a slightly lower rate than was originally projected.

 

Population & Growth

Population Growth, U.S. Census Data

 

 

1970

1980

1990

2000

2015*

Dunn County

28991

34314

35909

39858

42007

 

 

18.4

4.6

11.0

5.4*

Spring Brook

1168

1293

1293

1320

1492

 

 

10.7

0

2.1

13.0*

* these growth rates are based on change from actual population in 2000 to projected population in 2015.  Projected pops. in 2000 were 38477 and 1381, respectively, resulting in growth rates of 9.2% and 8.0%, for Dunn County and Spring Brook Town, respectively.

 

Summary

Assuming that there are no major changes, the data indicates that the Town of Spring Brook will continue to grow at a rate slower than that of the county as a whole.  Growth around the city of Menomonie, as well as Eau Claire and the Twin Cities Metropolitan area, could change the growth pattern of Spring Brook, but that is speculative, rather than based on past growth patterns of the township.